引用本文:李飞,梁宝全,张旭东,王鸿玺,孙毅,牟明亮,李泽坤.面向电动汽车快充站服务效率的自适应动态激励机制[J].电力自动化设备,2022,42(2):
LI Fei,LIANG Baoquan,ZHANG Xudong,WANG Hongxi,SUN Yi,MU Mingliang,LI Zekun.Adaptive dynamic incentive mechanism for service efficiency of EV fast charging station[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2022,42(2):
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面向电动汽车快充站服务效率的自适应动态激励机制
李飞1,2, 梁宝全2, 张旭东2, 王鸿玺2, 孙毅1, 牟明亮1, 李泽坤1
1.华北电力大学 电气与电子工程学院,北京 102206;2.国网河北省电力有限公司营销服务中心,河北 石家庄 050000
摘要:
快充站是电动汽车(EV)大规模普及情况下的重要建设方向,站内充电设施的利用情况直接决定了充电桩的运营收益。EV充电后期的功率衰减将引起站内慢功率运行的集群效应,影响快充站的整体盈利效率。基于此,根据站内不同的充电设施裕度情况,提出了EV差异化服务费激励机制,引导用户改变自身的充电需求,在保证用户满意度的情况下,提高快充站的经济效益和充电桩利用率,实现快充站服务能力的最大化。基于仿真算例验证了所提自适应动态激励机制能够有效提高快充站的经济效益和用户满意度。
关键词:  电动汽车  快充站  充电设施裕度  功率衰减  差异化激励  经济效益  用户满意度
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202112002
分类号:U469.72
基金项目:国家电网公司科技项目(低压用户负荷感知、测量和调控关键技术研究及应用)(SGHEDK00DYJS2000044)
Adaptive dynamic incentive mechanism for service efficiency of EV fast charging station
LI Fei1,2, LIANG Baoquan2, ZHANG Xudong2, WANG Hongxi2, SUN Yi1, MU Mingliang1, LI Zekun1
1.School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China;2.Marketing Service Center of State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co.,Ltd.,Shijiazhuang 050000, China
Abstract:
Fast charging station is an important construction direction under the large-scale popularization of EVs(Electric Vehicles),and the utilization of charging facilities in the station directly determines the ope-rating income of charging piles. The power attenuation of EVs in the late charging period will cause the cluster effect of slow power operation in the station, which will affect the overall profit efficiency of the fast charging station. Based on this, according to the different margins of charging facilities in the station, the differentiated service fee incentive mechanism of EVs is proposed to guide users to change their charging needs, and to improve both the economic benefit of fast charging station and utilization rate of charging piles while ensuring user satisfaction degree, so as to maximize the service capacity of fast charging station. A simulation example is given to verify that the proposed adaptive dynamic incentive mechanism can effectively improve the economic benefit and user satisfaction degree of the fast charging station.
Key words:  electric vehicles  fast charging stations  margin of charging facility  power attenuation  differentiated incentive  economic benefit  user satisfaction degree

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