引用本文:张犁,马天睿,张涛,王江峰,孙凯.低共模电压三相准单级逆变器空间矢量调制策略[J].电力自动化设备,2022,42(2):
ZHANG Li,MA Tianrui,ZHANG Tao,WANG Jiangfeng,SUN Kai.SVPWM scheme for low common-mode voltage of three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2022,42(2):
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低共模电压三相准单级逆变器空间矢量调制策略
张犁1, 马天睿1, 张涛1, 王江峰2, 孙凯2
1.河海大学 能源与电气学院,江苏 南京 211100;2.清华大学 电机工程与应用电子技术系,北京 100084
摘要:
由于部分光伏功率可单级传输馈入电网,三相准单级逆变器的变换效率高于传统三相两级式逆变器,但共模电压幅值和频率变化量较高。提出一种适用于三相准单级逆变器的低共模电压空间矢量调制(LCSVPWM)策略,通过舍弃部分小矢量和替换零矢量,降低了共模电压幅值和频率的变化量。此外,通过理论计算,比较了三相准单级逆变器分别采用传统空间矢量调制(CSVPWM)策略和LCSVPWM策略,以及三相两级式逆变器采用七段式空间矢量调制策略这3种情况下的开关管损耗。搭建了一台功率为3 kW的三相准单级逆变器样机。实验结果表明,当输入电压较低时,采用LCSVPWM策略的逆变器共模电压幅值和频率变化量低于采用CSVPWM策略。此外,采用LCSVPWM策略的三相准单级逆变器效率虽略低于CSVPWM策略,但高于三相两级式逆变器,故LCSVPWM策略在效率和共模性能的提升方面均有优势。
关键词:  逆变器  共模电压  空间矢量调制策略  光伏  效率
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202110002
分类号:TM464;TM615
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51677054);江苏省六大人才高峰创新团队资助计划(2019-TD-XNY-001)
SVPWM scheme for low common-mode voltage of three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter
ZHANG Li1, MA Tianrui1, ZHANG Tao1, WANG Jiangfeng2, SUN Kai2
1.College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China;2.Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract:
Since part of the photovoltaic power can be fed to the grid with single-stage power conversion, three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter has higher efficiency than that of conventional three-phase two-stage inverter. However, it still has the issue of high variation of amplitude and frequency of common-mode voltage. A LCSVPWM(Low Common-mode voltage Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation) scheme is proposed to reduce the variation of amplitude and frequency of common-mode voltage by omitting part of small voltage vectors and replacing zero voltage vectors. In addition, by calculating theoretically, the power losses of switching devices in three cases are compared, including the three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter adopting the CSVPWM(Conventional Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation) scheme and LCSVPWM scheme, and the three-phase two-stage inverter adopting seven-segment SVPWM scheme. A prototype of a 3 kW three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter is built. Experimental results show that when the input voltage is low, the variation of amplitude and frequency of common-mode voltage of inverter adopting LCSVPWM scheme is lower than that adopting CSVPWM scheme. In addition, the efficiency of the three-phase quasi-single-stage inverter adopting LCSVPWM scheme is slightly lower than that adopting CSVPWM scheme, but higher than that of the three-phase two-stage inverter. Thus, LCSVPWM scheme has advantages in improving both efficiency and common-mode performance.
Key words:  electric inverters  common-mode voltage  space vector pulse width modulation  photovoltaic  efficiency

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