引用本文:贾焦心,沈钟毓,秦本双,颜湘武,张波,邵冰冰.构网型和跟网型电力电子装备混联系统惯量响应的匹配问题综述[J].电力自动化设备,2024,44(6):77-89.
JIA Jiaoxin,SHEN Zhongyu,QIN Benshuang,YAN Xiangwu,ZHANG Bo,SHAO Bingbing.Review on inertia response matching problem of hybrid power systems with grid-forming and grid-following power electronic devices[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2024,44(6):77-89.
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构网型和跟网型电力电子装备混联系统惯量响应的匹配问题综述
贾焦心1, 沈钟毓1, 秦本双2,3, 颜湘武1, 张波1, 邵冰冰4
1.华北电力大学 分布式储能与微网河北省重点实验室,河北 保定 071003;2.河南理工大学 电气工程与自动化学院,河南 焦作 454003;3.河南省煤矿装备智能检测与控制重点实验室,河南 焦作 454003;4.合肥工业大学 新能源利用与节能安徽省重点实验室,安徽 合肥 230009
摘要:
构网型和跟网型电力电子装备具有异质化调频特性,导致2类装备交直流混联系统惯量响应阶段的动态交互作用机理复杂,传统的惯量参数匹配原则难以优化系统频率响应的问题。阐述了电力电子装备系统的惯量响应匹配问题,并对现有电压源型变流器的调频控制方法进行了概述。从功频响应分析方法、调频功率分配原则和频率响应特性3个方面对电力电子装备系统惯量配置问题的研究现状展开梳理。对电力电子装备混联系统的统一建模及惯量响应匹配问题提出了研究思路,旨在通过惯量支撑功率的匹配控制提升低惯量电力系统的频率稳定性,从系统层面为高比例电力电子装备友好并网提供基础理论和关键技术支撑。
关键词:  电力电子装备  交直流混联  频率调节  惯量匹配  构网型
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202312003
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52207102);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2022MS074)
Review on inertia response matching problem of hybrid power systems with grid-forming and grid-following power electronic devices
JIA Jiaoxin1, SHEN Zhongyu1, QIN Benshuang2,3, YAN Xiangwu1, ZHANG Bo1, SHAO Bingbing4
1.Key Laboratory of Distributed Energy Storage and Microgrid of Hebei Province, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China;2.School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China;3.Henan Key Laboratory of Intelligent Detection and Control of Coal Mine Equipment, Jiaozuo 454003, China;4.Anhui Key Laboratory of New Energy Utilization and Energy Saving, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
Abstract:
Grid-forming and grid-following power electronic devices have heterogeneous frequency regulation characteristics, which leads to complex dynamic interaction mechanisms in the inertial response stage of AC/DC hybrid power systems composed of the two types of devices. The traditional matching principle of inertia parameters is difficult to optimize the frequency response of the system. The system inertia response matching problem of power electronic devices is expounded, and the existing frequency regulation control methods of voltage source converter is summarized. The research status of configuration problem of power electronic device system is combed from three aspects: power frequency response analysis method, frequency regulation power allocation principle and frequency response characteristics. The research idea of unified modeling and inertia matching problems is put forward, aiming at improving the frequency stability of low inertial power system through inertia supporting power matching control and providing basic theory and key technical support for friendly grid-connection of high-proportion power electronic devices from the system level.
Key words:  power electronic equipment  AC/DC hybrid  frequency regulation  inertia matching  grid-forming

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