引用本文:葛乐,王庆园,王明深,崔莉,贾鹏振,陈析孟.考虑充放电激励机制的电动汽车聚合商参与能量-调频市场多阶段运营策略[J].电力自动化设备,2024,44(6):176-184.
GE Le,WANG Qingyuan,WANG Mingshen,CUI Li,JIA Pengzhen,CHEN Ximeng.Multi-stage operation strategy of electric vehicle aggregator participating in energy and frequency regulation markets considering charging and discharging incentive mechanisms[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2024,44(6):176-184.
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考虑充放电激励机制的电动汽车聚合商参与能量-调频市场多阶段运营策略
葛乐1, 王庆园1, 王明深1,2, 崔莉1, 贾鹏振1, 陈析孟3
1.南京工程学院 电力工程学院,江苏 南京 211167;2.国网江苏省电力有限公司电力科学研究院,江苏 南京 211103;3.南京四方亿能电力自动化有限公司,江苏 南京 211111
摘要:
完善电动汽车(EV)主动参与充放电双向互动调频的激励机制,综合考虑EV充放电行为在能量-调频市场中的多阶段交互影响,有利于准确评估聚合商参与电力市场的收益。提出了EV聚合商参与多品种市场的多阶段运营策略,以实现聚合商的运营收益最大化。基于充电行为特征的统计数据,建立单体EV的功率及能量响应边界,并考虑用户参与充电和放电控制的差异性,结合用户自身偏好、电池损耗,提出EV集群的充放电激励机制,并在此基础上建立EV集群功率及能量的响应边界约束。基于EV充放电调节控制的时序性和多阶段市场的调频需求,建立考虑多阶段时序交互的多品种市场运营收益优化模型。结合PJM市场的运营案例,验证所提充放电激励机制和运营策略的有效性,结果表明其能在保障用户充电需求的基础上,有效提升聚合商参与能量-调频市场的收益。
关键词:  电动汽车  聚合商  能量-调频市场  充放电激励机制  多阶段运营
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202312019
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52107099);中国博士后科学基金特别资助项目(2022T150152);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2021M690810)
Multi-stage operation strategy of electric vehicle aggregator participating in energy and frequency regulation markets considering charging and discharging incentive mechanisms
GE Le1, WANG Qingyuan1, WANG Mingshen1,2, CUI Li1, JIA Pengzhen1, CHEN Ximeng3
1.School of Electric Power Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing 211167, China;2.Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co.,Ltd.,Nanjing 211103, China;3.Nanjing Sifang Epower Automation Co.,Ltd.,Nanjing 211111, China
Abstract:
Improving the incentive mechanism for electric vehicles(EVs) to actively participate in the charging and discharging two-way interactive frequency regulation, and comprehensively considering the multi-stage interaction effect of EVs’ charging and discharging behaviors in the energy and frequency regulation markets, is conducive to accurately evaluate the benefits of aggregators participating in the electricity market. The multi-stage operation strategy of EV aggregator participating in multi-variety market is proposed to maximize the operating income of the aggregator. Based on the statistical data of charging behavior characteristics, the power and energy response boundary of a single EV is established. Considering the difference of users’ participation in charging control and discharge control, and combined with users’ own preferences and battery loss, the charging and discharging incentive mechanism of EV cluster is proposed, based on which, the power and energy response boundary constraints of EV cluster are established. Based on the time-sequence of EV charging and discharging regulation control and the frequency regulation demand of multi-stage market, the operation benefit optimization model of multi-variety market considering multi-stage sequential interaction is established. Combined with the operation case of PJM market, the effectiveness of the proposed charging and discharging incentive mechanism and operation strategy is verified. The results show that the proposed strategy can effectively improve the benefit of aggregators participating in the energy and frequency regulation markets on the basis of ensuring the charging demand of users.
Key words:  electric vehicles  aggregator  energy and frequency regulation markets  charging and discharging incentive mechanisms  multi-stage operation

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