引用本文:杨成顺,王鹏,许德智,戴宇辰,黄宵宁.基于灵活虚拟惯性控制的直流充电桩协同控制[J].电力自动化设备,2023,43(11):95-102
YANG Chengshun,WANG Peng,XU Dezhi,DAI Yuchen,HUANG Xiaoning.Collaborative control of DC charging piles based on flexible virtual inertia control[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2023,43(11):95-102
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基于灵活虚拟惯性控制的直流充电桩协同控制
杨成顺1, 王鹏1, 许德智2, 戴宇辰3, 黄宵宁1
1.南京工程学院 电力工程学院,江苏 南京 211167;2.江南大学 物联网工程学院,江苏 无锡 214122;3.武汉理工大学 自动化学院,湖北 武汉 430070
摘要:
直流系统具有小惯性、弱阻尼特征,而直流充电桩系统的负载投切相对频繁,会对母线电压稳定产生较大的影响。采用灵活虚拟惯性控制技术作为一次控制,使直流充电桩系统具备一定的惯性与阻尼支撑,从而改善直流充电桩控制系统的动态性能;采用惯性中心协同控制策略作为二次控制,调整各充电桩系统的输入电能,并对虚拟参数进行二次调节,从而保障各系统能在不同的参数下实现电压响应的一致性;利用反推法重新构造电流内环,以弥补传统比例积分控制动态性能较弱的问题。仿真结果验证了所提控制策略的有效性。
关键词:  电动汽车  直流充电桩  灵活虚拟惯性  协同控制  一致性  反推电流环
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202304016
分类号:U491.8
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(62222307,61973140)
Collaborative control of DC charging piles based on flexible virtual inertia control
YANG Chengshun1, WANG Peng1, XU Dezhi2, DAI Yuchen3, HUANG Xiaoning1
1.School of Electric Power Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing 211167, China;2.College of Internet of Things Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China;3.School of Automation, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
Abstract:
The direct current(DC) system has the characteristics of small inertia and weak damping, and the load switching of DC charging pile system is relatively frequent, which will have a great influence on the voltage stability of buses. The flexible virtual inertia control technology is used as the primary control to make the DC charging pile system have certain inertia and damping support, so as to improve the dynamic performance of the DC charging pile control system. The collaborative control strategy of center of inertia is used as the secondary control to adjust the input electric energy of each charging pile system and make secondary adjustment to the virtual parameters, so as to ensure consistency of voltage response of each system under different parameters. The current inner loop is reconstructed by using the backstepping method to make up for the weak dynamic performance of the traditional proportion integration control. Simulative results verify the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.
Key words:  electric vehicles  DC charging piles  flexible virtual inertia  collaborative control  consistency  back-stepping current loop

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