引用本文:周步祥,宁冲,陈实,朱猛,苏迎庆,周毅,臧天磊.计及生态阻力成本的新能源基地风光电站容量规划与布局优化方法[J].电力自动化设备,2024,44(7):141-148
ZHOU Buxiang,NING Chong,CHEN Shi,ZHU Meng,SU Yingqing,ZHOU Yi,ZANG Tianlei.Capacity planning and layout optimization method of wind and photovoltaic power plants in new energy base considering ecological resistance cost[J].Electric Power Automation Equipment,2024,44(7):141-148
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计及生态阻力成本的新能源基地风光电站容量规划与布局优化方法
周步祥1, 宁冲1, 陈实1, 朱猛2, 苏迎庆2, 周毅1, 臧天磊1
1.四川大学 电气工程学院,四川 成都 610065;2.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,甘肃 兰州 730000
摘要:
由于沙漠、戈壁、荒漠新能源基地海拔高以及生态环境恶劣,生态阻力作用影响风光电站容量规划与布局。以新能源基地为研究对象,提出一种计及生态阻力成本的风光电站容量规划与布局优化方法。基于新能源基地广域气象数据和广域地理信息数据,建立资源时空特性表征模型,并选取3种关键生态阻力因子建立生态阻力评价体系,在此基础上构建综合生态阻力成本模型;基于资源时空特性表征模型及综合生态阻力成本模型,建立综合成本最低的风光电站容量规划与布局优化模型,并给出模型的求解流程。基于西北某新能源基地实际数据的算例仿真结果表明,所提方法能有效解决新能源基地自然资源开发与生态阻力之间的矛盾,在保障系统可靠运行的前提下提升系统经济性。
关键词:  新能源基地  资源时空特性  生态阻力成本  容量规划  布局优化
DOI:10.16081/j.epae.202405007
分类号:TM715
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52307126)
Capacity planning and layout optimization method of wind and photovoltaic power plants in new energy base considering ecological resistance cost
ZHOU Buxiang1, NING Chong1, CHEN Shi1, ZHU Meng2, SU Yingqing2, ZHOU Yi1, ZANG Tianlei1
1.College of Electrical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;2.Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
Abstract:
Due to high altitude and harsh ecological environment of new energy bases of desert and Gobi, the ecological resistance affects the capacity planning and layout of wind and photovoltaic plants. Taking the new energy base as the research object, a capacity planning and layout optimization method of wind and photovoltaic power plants considering the ecological resistance cost is proposed. Based on the wide-area meteorological data and geographic information data of new energy bases, a model for representing the resource spatial and temporal characteristics is established, and three key ecological resistance factors are selected to establish an ecological resistance evaluation system. On this basis, a comprehensive ecological resistance cost model is constructed. Based on the model for representing the resource spatial and temporal characteristics and the comprehensive ecological resistance cost model, a capacity planning and layout optimization model of wind and photovoltaic plants with the minimum comprehensive cost is established, and the solution process of the model is given. The example simulative results based on the actual data of a new energy base in Northwest China show that the proposed method can effectively solve the contradiction between natural resource development and ecological resistance of new energy bases, and improve the system economy on the premise of ensuring the system reliable operation.
Key words:  new energy base  resource temporal and spatial characteristics  ecological resistance cost  capacity planning  layout optimization

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